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A San Francisco-based heavy rock group who specialised in high
volume rock. They were popular around the Bay Area but never caught on nationally or internationally.
Blue Cheer (Cal)

Country Joe and the Fish were the wittiest, most political
and most reflective of the Bay Area 'acid' rock bands. Their radicalism emanated mainly from Country Joe McDonald,
who was born of leftist parents in El Monte, California in 1942.
Country Joe & Fish (Cal)

The Insect Trust were an interesting group whose sound was based around the
vocals of Nancy Jeffries. Jeffries and Barth had earlier played with Peter Stampfel (see Holy Modal Rounders) in
an outfit called The Swamp Lillies.
Insect Trust (NY)

The Insect Trust took their name from a newspaper called The
Insect Trust Times, founded by Bill Levy, the original editor of International Times in England.
Insect Trust (NY)

Their debut album was an amalgam of various strands of country music
and most of the material was written by the band. They utilised a wide range of woodwind and stringed instruments.
Insect Trust (NY)

Evolving out of the remains of The Ashes, which had included
Brackett, Merrill and Robinson, they recorded their first 45 for Vault before signing with the major-label
Columbia in November 1966.
Peanut Butter Conspiracy (Cal)

Chris Lockheed of Kak helped ex-Blue Cheer guitarist Randy
Holden on his solo-effort, which is an extension of the proto-metal direction he explored on Side Two
of the third Blue Cheer album, New! Improved!. Probably because Holden plays all the music himself,
the album sounds rather one-dimensional and sparse.
Randy Holden (Cal)

Evolving out of an earlier Los Angeles band,
The Red Roosters, Spirit were formed in 1967.
Spirit (Cal)

They were one of the first bands to successfully combine
rock and jazz, undoubtedly due to the jazz roots of their personnel.
Spirit (Cal)

From Corpus Christi, Texas, Zakary Thaks were one of the
city's top acts between 1966-69. Originally known as The Marauders, they soon changed name to The Riptides,
with a repertoire of mainly surf-style music. With British bands like the Kinks and Stones becoming more
influential, in March 1966 they again changed names to The Zakary Thaks and signed to Carl Becker's J-Beck
label. Chris Gerniottis was just 15 at the time whilst the other members were 17.
Zakary Thaks (Tx)

With his blatant reverence for Buddy Holly, fellow Texan
Bobby Fuller (born October 22nd, 1942) was a bit of an anomaly in the mid-sixties.
Bobby Fuller Four (Tx)

With his Stratocaster guitar and brash, full sound, at his best
Fuller sounded like Holly might have had he survived into the sixties.
Bobby Fuller Four (Tx)

This Corpus Christi outfit was originally called The
Zulus but when Carl Becker, who ran the J-Beck/Cee-Bee record labels, became their manager circa 1966/67
he persuaded vocalist Ronnie Tanner to join the band and changed their name to Liberty Bell.
Liberty Bell (Tx)

The Nightshadows, who were also known as
Little Phil And The Nightshadows, were one of the Old South's few acid punk bands, and something
of a rock anomaly.
Nightshadow (Ga)

They started playing in the late fifties, and their 27 or so members
apparently included Barry Bailey (later of The Atlanta Rhythm Section).
Nightshadow (Ga)

The band, who came from Atlanta, Georgia in the heart of Dixieland, never
achieved the recognition they might have because of the Vietnam War, which prevented them touring for fear of
losing their draft deferments.
Nightshadow (Ga)

The most sought-after of their recordings is the original
release of The Square Root Of Two on Spectrum
Nightshadow (Ga)

From Minneapolis in Minnesota came
The Paisleys.
Paisleys (Minn)

The most interesting tracks on their album are Rockin, notable
for its use of echoes and sound effects, and the haunting Wind.
Paisleys (Minn)

Side two of the album consists entirely of the ambitious, though
not entirely convincing Musical Journey.
Paisleys (Minn)

There's also an Italian CD entitled Beyond The Cosmic Mind (Cosmic
Mind Records 001) that is said to contain outtakes from the original album. However, the material is recorded some ten -
twelve years later as is easily discovered when listening to the drumbeats (by a machine) and the track Dear John, about
the murder of John Lennon. Still it's a pleasant collection of songs.
Paisleys (Minn)

A highly regarded Massachusetts punk band, who were originally known as
Barry and The Remains.
Remains (Mass)

They had quite a reputation in the Boston area in the late sixties, and opened for The Beatles last
tour in the Summer of 1966.
Remains (Mass)

Originally from Las Vegas in Nevada, this band later relocated to Oregon.
Their first 45 became an anthem for the flower children at Portland's Spring Trips Festival in 1967.
The flip, Little Girl is also a great raw punker that displays Fred's raucous vocals and some savage
guitar work. Sadly, though, it was all a little too raw for the American record buying public at the
time and didn't sell.
Weeds (Nev)

We The People (Fla)

Silver Apples (NY)

Haunted (Canada)

Haunted (Canada)

Heartbeats (Tx)

Delvetts (Ill)

Remains (Mass)

Kenny And The Kasuals (Tx)

Monks (Germany)

Mark Lee (Tx)

Eternity's Children

Shadows Of Knight (Ill)




Mourning Reign (Cal)

Mad River (Cal)

Thingies (Tx)

A mid-sixties garage-punk outfit from
Winnipeg, Manitoba.

They were formed by Palmer and Pavlik, who'd previously
played in the Vi-Counts, who'd included Gary Bachman and Randy Peterson, younger brother of Guess Who
members Randy Bachman and Gary Peterson.
Quid (Canada)

Cryan' Shames (Ill)


Village STOP(Canada)




Les Sauterelles

The Haunted came out of Montreal, Quebec,
with a dirty and scruffy bad boys image.

Formed in the spring of 1965 as The Strolling Bones, a blatant
Rolling Stones-inspired outfit featuring Brian Jones look-a-like, British-born Glyn Bell.
Ugly Ducklings(Canada)

This mid-sixties Edmonton, Alberta, band is noted for
its fine cover versions of Gloria and I Can't Explain, which are sought-after by collectors.
King Beezz(Canada)

Originally known as The Speidels this outfit came from San Antonio in Texas
and won the 1968 battle of the bands in Austin. Their 45 was a Hendrix-styled heavy fuzz effort and they were connected
to another Texas outfit called The Runaways.
Swiss Movement(Tx)

Pre-Kenny & The Kasuals (Tx)

Thanks to their French name, the group Les Baroques were well known outside Holland. The group can be
traced back to 1959 in Het Gooi as the Modern Teenage Quartet. After a time, the group changed their name to Black Bows and then
Hurricane Combo. Eventually, in 1965 they evolved in to Les Baroques (free spirited, without limits). Through an advertisement in
the -Gooi en Eemlander- , Gerard Schoenaker,  who in a timed honoured tradition anglicised his name into Gary O'Shannon, became
the groups singer. Leader Frank Muyser (guitar, sax, mouth-organ), Rene Krijnen (keyboards), Robin Muyser (bass), Raymond van
Geytenbeek (drums) and Hans van Emden (guitar) comprised the rest of the group.
Les Baroques (Holland)


Probably the strongest act to record on the Pharaoh label, which was based in McAllen, Texas.
Their first 45 was a local hit, combining the Beatlesque Wish You Were Mine with 24 Hours (Everyday) a pounding punk song with lots
of fuzz, organ and fine vocals. Their follow-up did even better staying at No. 1 for two weeks running in

From Rochester, New York, The 'A' side, is a Kinks-inspired cruncher, which was
later covered by The Marshmallow Overcoat on their first album The Inner Groove. This Heard was previously known
as The Belvederes.

From Seattle, this act later went to San Francisco, met Matthew Katz,
and became the 'definitive' version of Indian Puddin' and Pipe! This 45, produced by Katz under the bands
original moniker, has a fantastic 'B' side, written by Steve Mack, with an irresistable rhythm and a great
guitar break.
West Coast Natural Gas Co. (Wash)

The foundation for Q65 is laid in January 1965, when guitarists Joop
Roelofs and Frank Nuyens decide to start a band with singer Willem Bieler. To spice up their sound, the
line-up is completed by bass player Peter Vink and drummer Jay Baar, both from Leadbelly's Ltd. During
the summer, the band rehearses seriously, inspired by Rhythm and Blues traditionals and the songs of
Robert Johnson and Willie Dixon. Of course, they also play the usual Kinks, Animals and Rolling Stones
covers. Apparently, it was Roelofs who came up with the catchy band name Q65, based on two Stones classics:
Susie Q and Route 66. However, Q66 did not sound appealing enough, so it was changed into Q65. On May 21st,
Q65 plays their first ever gig in the UTS in Scheveningen for the small fee of FL. 10,- against expenses
of FL. 20,-! Roelofs starts to take care of bookings, and the fee is soon increased up to Fl. 150,-. Q65
gigs are always spectacular. Singer Willem Bieler tumbles allover the stage and because of their heavy
sound Q65 is soon labeled the Dutch Pretty Things. Despite guitars being broken or occasionally out of
tune, the fans still adore them: 'The Q kicks ass!' As a tribute to the band, they paint the band name
on many walls in The Hague and beyond.
Q65 (NL)

This much-travelled mob formed in North Texas State University late in 1964.
They journeyed to Miami and then headed to Orlando where Cashwell joined their ranks. His connections with a
booking agency got them gigs throughout the South but the rest of he band were not interested in gigging in the
North so they parted company with him. Returning to Dallas in 1966 and adding Womack to their line-up they recorded
a number of songs which were unable to attract any record labels at the time but which have subsequently been
compiled. In 1968 they set off again to try their luck in California. After a spell in L.A.
they split up in San Francisco. Karnavas remained there forming The Snakes with ex-Briks vocalist Cecil
Cotton, but the rest went back to their homeland
Chaparrelsfoto (Tx)

Their 45 on Piece Records was the same version as the 45
on Piece Records by The Grotesque Mommies, from Tacoma, Washington
Daze Of The Week (Wash.)

The Morticians recorded 1 45 for Palmer Records in 1966 - Dennis Girrbach recalls: Our band was formed when I was 13 years old.
My brother (2 years older) was also in the band.  Our father was a mortician, that's where
we came up with the name.   We grew up in River Rouge, Michigan, a small industrial town on the
southern border of Detroit.
Morticians (Mich.)

From Grand Rapids, Michigan, this band's vocalist sounded very much like David
Surkamp (of Pavlov's Dog) although it was one Ray Hummell Ill, on the Fenton 45
Ju-Ju's (Mich)

A garage band from Umatilla in Lake County, Florida.
Berkley Five (Fla)

A garage band from Umatilla in Lake County, Florida.
Berkley Five (Fla)

A very obscure 45 from the Michigan area.
All American Girl was co-written by Dick Wagner (leader of The Bossmen).
Blokes (Mich)

One of the best of the L.A. garage bands. All three of their 45s can be heard on Beyond The Beat Generation, whilst Captain Trip's Early Works '64 - '66 CD includes both Decca 45s and three
previously unreleased cuts, Without Love, I Told You Once Before and a cover of the Zombies' You Make Me Feel Good.
Their 45s were produced by Gary Usher.
Sons Of Adam (Cal)

From Grosse Pointe, Michigan, originals of their albums are extremely rare.
Their first discordant acid-soaked folk album is well worth a listen. It opens with the band's own version of
the Byrds', Eight Miles High, includes some interesting echo fuzztone guitar work on Turquoise Feline, their
own arrangements of the traditional song John Riley and You Keep Me Hanging On, and three fuzztone instrumentals,
Shock Wave, Feedback and Israeli Blues.
Index (Mich)

A mid to late sixties instrumental band from Hollywood, California. They specialised in doing a
lot of soundtracks and there may have been a connection with Max Frost and The Troopers. In September 1967, Blues Theme, taken
from the The Wild Angels film soundtrack reached No 37 in the U.S. charts.
Davie Allan & The Arrows (Cal)

Started out as a Summit, New Jersey prep-rock outfit, The Four Classics
featuring Mansolino (vcls), Philp, Rosa and Kurt Gabrook (bs). By 1965 they'd become The King Bees,
after adding Dave Palmer and Charlie Larkey, only to discover late that year than Danny Kortchmar's
New York City group had already bagged that name. They adopted the moniker of Myddle Class. Already
a popular draw around the Summit/New Providence/Berkeley Heights area they were put in touch with New
Jerseyans Gerry Goffin and Carole King. This famous tin-pan alley team not only provided material and
co-wrote (with Palmer/Philp) but also provided the means for the band to appear on vinyl via their
Tomorrow label.
Myddle Class (NJ)

The Children Of The Mushroom. The band was from Thousand Oaks, Ca. They
all went to Thousand Oaks Highschool. The band names listed in borderline book are ok but Jim
Rolfe did not play lead until after the 45 was released. It was the talented
brother in law of drummer Dennis Christensen Swanson, Jerry that played the lead on both sides of the 45 on Soho
Children Of The Mushroom (Cal)

Janis Joplin of Big Brother and The Holding Company - What more to say?
Janis Joplin (Tx/Cal)

The Seeds Of Time recorded in 1966 in Montgomery, Alabama the great track:
She's been travelling 'Round The World on Morgan Records. One Year later in New Orleans: 'Twelf Night Indication' on the Jora Label.
As Craig Weidenheimer recalls: when we were playing somewhere (we did a lot of self promotion). We would drive and drop off some records at a radio station put up some posters and play a couple of weeks later, a lot of people would show up sometimes.
We had a lot of fun. It was a fabulous time; hard to describe to people what it was like in today's terms.
Seeds Of Time '66 (Ala)

The Seeds Of Time recorded in 1966 in Montgomery, Alabama the great track:
She's been travelling 'Round The World on Morgan Records. One Year later in New Orleans: 'Twelf Night Indication' on the Jora Label.
As Craig Weidenheimer recalls: when we were playing somewhere (we did a lot of self promotion). We would drive and drop off some records at a radio station put up some posters and play a couple of weeks later, a lot of people would show up sometimes.
We had a lot of fun. It was a fabulous time; hard to describe to people what it was like in today's terms.
Seeds Of Time '67 (Ala)

The Pink Finks -  at the time we were all still at school (dig the short hair)
& were billed as the youngest R&B band in Melbourne - we cut Louie Louie in one take, live, no overdubs,
at a studio that was an old movie theatre & released it on our own label Mojo - it made #16 on the Melbourne
Top 40 on station 3DB, #27 on 3UZ, which was/is amazing for such a primitive & totally indie release.
there isn't any surviving video footage that i know off although we went on TV a few times.
in 1966 we morphed in The Party Machine after a couple of PFs quit to study at university.
Franklin became a film director (Psycho 2 !!!), Cameron an actor/director, Ratz a printer,
Ross x 2 stuck together & finally hit it big in 1971 w/Daddy Cool whose 2 albums were released
worldwide on Reprise. Ross Wilson has been involved in music professionally ever since then.<BR>

The Pink Finks - Left to Right - shortest to tallest:<BR>
Ross Hannaford 13, lead gtr<BR>
Ross Wilson 17, lead vcls, harp<BR>
Geoff Ratz 15, bass<BR>
David Cameron 16 rhythm gtr, backing vocals<BR>
Richard Franklin 16, drums, backing vocals
Pink Finks '65 (Melbourne, Australia)

All of the band members are still alive.  The band was formed by myself and my brother
Steve in about 1960.  I played Bass guitar and some rhythm guitar, Steve played rhythm guitar, organ and harmonica,
Carl Adams played Rhythm guitar, Roger Brown (a cousin) played drums and Dean Harper played lead guitar. The songs on
the record were written by Steve.  I know he had other songs but they were never recorded.  We recorded the
'Hey Little Girl' and 'These Days Are Gone' record on the Libra label in the fall of 1966 and had the record
out in the spring of 1967. --Stan Brown
Thunderbirds (Lenox, Iowa 1967)

Blue Light AKA: The Epics hailed from Marysville/Kirkland, Washington (1966 ~ 1968)
Stay tuned to BeyondTheBeatGeneration for more exciting info and music from these lads soon.
Blue Light (Marysville, Washington 1966)

Wally Tax, former singer and leader of the legendary Dutch 60's garage formation The Outsiders died
at the age of 57. The Outsiders' music is simple, heavily influenced by Rolling Stones and Pretty Things.
The group shows agression and their concerts are disreputable. For over a decade later the music of
the punks is rather simular to the sound of this Dutch band.
Outsiders (Holland)

Houston garage rock combo the Crabs formed in 1966  childhood friends Robbie Leff (vocals/guitar) and drummer Alec Smith
co-founded the group, with lead guitarist Jerry DeJong and bassist Ed Rudnick later rounding out the lineup. The group honed
their acid punk approach playing British Invasion covers at local nightclubs, eventually signing on with manager and local
bandleader Buddy Brock; in 1967 the Crabs recorded their lone single,
Crabs (Houston, Tx.)

This garage teen combo operated out of Lansing, Michigan and played frequently
at the Sceen club there, which issued their 45s. The five piece had teamed up with local producer
Dick Wagner (Bossmen, Frost) to record the first 45 which is light'n'poppy teenbeat.
Little Boy Blue, from their second, is a fine example of the garage genre. Watch out for the upcoming release
'THE FENTON STORY' on Wayback Records, and hear all 4 tracks, to be released in January 2006.
Tonto and The Renegades (Lansing, Mich.)

From Chicago, the 'B' side to this bands 45 Not Right Now was recorded in
June 1966 and is a moody rocker, with fiery lead guitar, a relentless throbbing beat and spine-chilling organ.
The band's roots lay in frat rock combo The Empires (Bill Levak - drms; Tom Nelson - gtr; 14-year old Bob Stanley - vcls,
ld gtr; Jim Stanley - gtr, vcls; and Tim Wagner - bs). When Jim left the band for college, they continued for a while as a
four-piece, but he soon returned after damaging his knee and then Tim Wagner was drafted. The Empires subsequently split in
1965, with Bob Stanley joining The Bryds and the remaining members joining forces with Jim Korn and Bill Kirch-Meyers from
Beat Incorporated.
Outspoken Blues (Chicago, Ill.)

THE SOUL SURVIVORS from Marion, Ohio:
Left to right: Bob Inlow (rhythm guitar), Danny Hall (lead vocal),
Howard McKinniss ('Nub') (lead guitar), Frank Murray (bass),
Mike Diehl (drums), Terry Tewell (lead vocal) in 1966. - They released one great Teenbeat 45 on the Mark II label
Mark II 601723 - 1 min and 57 seconds, like it should be!!
Soul Survivors (Marion, Ohio)

THE MEDALLIONS from Chico, California. This band became THE AFTERGLOW, which
recorded one fine album on MTA records -- Read their complete story within our interview-site soon
Medallions (California)